In some places this is possible, but not always.
Automation of production can be carried out in several ways:
Partial. Only some equipment is subjected to automation, which performs a number of actions that are inaccessible or difficult for humans.
Complex. Covers the production chain of a separate workshop or unit that performs a series of actions to solve a specific problem.
Complete. The transition of control and management to special equipment covering all stages of production is underway. This happens in the case of a stable and practical regime, as well as when working conditions are extremely dangerous or unbearable for the employee.
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The theory of technological orders is more of an internal Russian idea that emerged from the USSR. Developed by S. Glazyev and a certain Venezuelan economist Carlota Perez. Glazyev's economic fabrications are not supported by many (how did he become an academician?), And Venezuela is indicative in itself. Although that Venezuelan may be talented, neither one nor the other country is the leader in scientific and technological progress, but some representatives are trying to reflect on related cyclical processes in the economy and technology. In my opinion, few people in the world care about this: they somehow manage successfully without such theories. However, I’m not a theoretical economist, maybe I’m wrong, but I just don’t see the point in attributing technology to any kind of order, because progress is actually not very predictable. By the way, economics is also more of a historical science: it can more or less predict processes in the economy, which repeat the experience already passed, that is, it can say that these "red rakes" should not be stepped on - they hit the head, but when suddenly the rake is blue and it is necessary to predict what will happen as a result of something that has never happened (as a result of some new economic situations), then the economy most often fails, and therefore crises occur (not with us, we are on the same we walk a rake). On the second question, I can say more specifically: so far full automation does not threaten us (humanity), if by automation we mean the complete absence of people in production. If we talk about the drastic reduction of people, in which they do not in the production process as participants in technological operations, it is possible, and everything is really moving towards this. That is, in principle, it is not a problem to establish production, where all operations are performed by robots and mechanisms, but any mechanism requires maintenance, observation, repair, etc. Unfortunately, or maybe fortunately, so far robots are not able to develop, adjust and repair themselves. This requires a flexible human mind or artificial intelligence, but I think it's too early to talk about advanced AI. Yes, there are self-learning systems, but they are still far from human intelligence. And human hands are much more versatile than any robot, which is important for repairs. In addition, one must remember that no production works in a vacuum: an enterprise needs drivers, logistics, marketing specialists, advertisers, accountants, programmers, etc. , and someone should skillfully manage them. Control of an airplane can be cited as an example. In fact, pilots have not been needed for a long time, and they are the ones who are responsible for most of the disasters. But there is one mistake: it is likely that they save many more people in situations where automation cannot cope or would not cope, but we hardly know about this, since most problem situations are simply not voiced, for example, such as leaving for a second circle, to an alternate airfield, flyby of a thunderstorm front, etc. In an emergency, a person is able to think outside the box, which is not possiblebna, not a single automatics, and also an experienced person has intuition, without thinking, prompting him what to do or what is better not to do in any situation. For the sake of justice, it should be added that abandoning pilots is also impossible for psychological reasons: most people are afraid to fly without a pilot. The second example is cars. No matter how hard the engineers try, an experienced driver still manages better in difficult situations. Especially enraged are "roadside assistance systems" with braking, in certain conditions (for example, "snow slurry" on the road), making it difficult, not improving control. Therefore, somewhere in California, a car without a driver is possible, but in our climate it is unlikely. Actually, all this I mean is that the capabilities of automation are still very limited and it is too early to write off us, people, for (un) deserved rest.