How did the civilizations of the Ancient World, so backward in both technological and social terms, manage to make such perfect works of art and architecture?

How did the civilizations of the Ancient World, so backward in both technological and social terms, manage to make such perfect works of art and architecture?

The Wayfinders: Why Ancient Wisdom Matters in the Modern World | Wade Davis

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answers (2)

Answer 1
August, 2021

The quality and technological level of production of various products is really amazing. Basically, objects of jewelry, symbols of power, utensils, religious architectural structures have survived to us. And if everything is no less clear with architectural structures, except for the movement of large-sized parts, then works of art and smaller artifacts found raise more questions. As a rule, the items are recovered by archaeologists, and we can only see what has been preserved. The craftsmen and artisans of the ancient world did not produce anything on a large scale, single copies were a source of pride and demonstrated the qualifications of the master, it took a lot of time to create high-quality samples. For example, such materials as gold, precious stones, meteorite iron were very expensive, which caused a special attitude towards them from artisans and jewelers. Various complex mechanisms were found in small quantities, usually due to the fact that the materials from which they were made collapsed over time, there were no technologies that allowed them to be mass-produced (metal alloys or plastics that were not subject to decomposition and oxidation). Wood, bone, leather, stone, clay, alloys of copper, lead, tin, glass, these are the most accessible materials for manufacturers of the ancient world, almost all of them are easily destroyed if they are used, and items made from them are not stored in special conditions. Found objects of iron, if it is not meteorite, strongly oxidized, rusted, represent a pitiful sight. Single high-tech artifacts found in different parts of our planet raise many questions and conspiracy theories, it remains to the end not clear how different cultures followed the same path of development of production technologies, how they exchanged knowledge and technological information. It is difficult to imagine how many valuable items were lost because of wars, fires, floods, and simply destroyed by other cultures due to ignorance and inability to use such items for their intended purpose. A huge number of jewelry items were lost due to the melting of gold and silver for making coins. Rather, one should be surprised not at how ancient cultures could produce various objects and build architectural masterpieces, but at how, despite the "millstones of history", they managed to survive to this day.

Answer 2
August, 2021

The civilizations of the ancient world were less socially backward than we are. And they had quite advanced technology. The only thing is that they could not make certain decisions, such as buildings with huge windows and 200-storey sky scrapers, but they did not.

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