Because of the rallies at Bolotnaya. The authorities, which previously treated the Internet as a harmless toy for the creative class, realized that opposition activities can be effectively carried out using the Internet. The result is a unified register of prohibited sites, Yarovaya laws, etc. etc.
Because of the size. The mouse runs freely around the city, but the lion is kept in a cage. The average man read by a couple of dozen friends does not register as a media outlet. The small market is free from the attention of large corporations. A friend of mine, Kh. A., who worked as the director of one of the departments of MTU, said somewhere in 2003 - let home networks first accustom Muscovites to broadband access, and then we will enter this market. Little Runet was too little influential to do it. And now, when the Network is used by more than 2/3 of the population of our country, it has become large enough to be used.
However, in my opinion, we are now forgetting something about the Internet of the past. In 1995, in Usenet newsgroups, user Dmitry P., who worked for a large American organization, once quoted the old joke "two Jews - three opinions." The famous troll Dmitry V., a computer security engineer, immediately figured out how to teach a lesson to Dmitry P., who often argued with him on various issues. Dmitry V. wrote an application to this state organization, he says, Dmitry P. from his office box during his office hours spreads anti-Semitic jokes on the Internet. And although Dmitry P. made excuses that he himself was a Jew and had the right to joke like that, the institute considered it prudent to disconnect him from the Internet.
And Dmitry V. got a taste. After a while, I noticed extremely rude and dirty jokes in the newsgroups of user Igor M., it seemed suspicious to me. Since Igor and I were graduate students of the same American university, I called him and asked if someone had hacked his account. Igor M. was very careful in his conversation with me, and at some point noticed that it was very strange for me to call him - after all, at my request, Igor was disconnected from the Internet. Allegedly, I accused him of distributing very bad content.
It turned out that Dmitry V., who had a computer security consulting firm, used a simple trick, but then, of course, unknown to us. He entered into a dialogue with our faculty e-mail demon and bounced off a letter of complaints on his behalf, which I signed to the management of Igor M. (I don't remember the details of how this was done, but it was not difficult - we learned quickly! Igor's management would check the IP in the header, it would have discovered that Dmitry V. was the true sender).
I suggested Igor M. immediately call his superiors and explain that I did not write a statement! But Igor asked to leave him alone - he wanted to defend his thesis as soon as possible and leave. Without the Internet, he could endure this time.
Did Dmitry P. and Igor M. have the freedom to write whatever they like? Only until they caught the eye of Dmitry V., who worked in his own firm, and humiliated opponents in disputes, denouncing them to the cautious bosses.
Of course, I learned a lesson. You are free as long as you don't step on anyone's corn. And organizations thatSome people talk a lot about freedom and take pride in their spirit of freedom, and would never think twice about shutting off a student or employee who could create problems.
Another issue was someone else's content. Of course, in the 90s, no one tried to make money by uploading other people's films, but the temptation to earn extra money or become famous by distributing other people's books and pictures from Playboy, of course, was. And then I read the laws and their interpretation, and learned that I have no right to take someone else's content without consent. And I did not take, but only put links. Then some Robin Hoods said - "and we will change the law!" - and began to spread other people's books, agreeing to remove them at the request of the authors. And then, ten years later, they earned themselves fines when publishers set some authors on them.
And Playboy magazine immediately hired lawyers and pursued money-seekers who snatched pictures from Playboy, hung them one by one on a page , and banners were placed below. And of course, lawyers started "from the head, that is, they pulled large sites to court, and did not touch a trifle.